In this article, we review the history of grapefruit and its different types. Grapefruit is a citrus fruit that is similar to oranges, but larger. This fruit has different properties and types.
History and types Grapefruit
Grapefruit is a fruit native to Malaysia and Indonesia, the seeds of which brought from East India to West India in 1693 by a British ship commander. Grapefruit is probably the result of a horticultural accident or a deliberate combination of Pomelo (an Asian citrus fruit) and oranges. The original grapefruit was about the size of an orange.
The grapefruit tree is evergreen and small. The size of the tree depends on the environment, the type and how it is cared for. The leaves are often large and oval, glossy green, with oily glands and winged leaf stems. The flowers are white, large and fragrant. The branches sometimes have thorns, but these branches are flexible, narrow and smooth.
This fruit is called “grape + fruit” in English, because in the form of a cluster, it grows in large quantities, even up to twelve on a branch (like grapes).
Different types of grapefruit
Grapefruit Oro Blanco
Oro Blanco means white gold in Spanish. Its skin is thick and yellow, almost seedless, juicy and sweet.
We know that red grapefruit is less palatable (and often very bitter), contrary to the belief that the redder the flesh of the fruit, the sweeter the taste. On the other hand, this dye is obtained from lycopene, an anti-cancer antioxidant.
Pink grapefruit is the most delicious type of grapefruit with a mild sweetness (suitable for juicing). In terms of color, it is among the white and red grapefruits.
This is Chinese grapefruit is the largest fruit of the citrus family. Pomelo has a calcareous green or yellow color and soft flesh.
White grapefruit with a creamy yellow skin is not as sweet as other grapefruits, which does not mean that it tastes bad. When you slice it, the first thing you notice is the fragrant smell that wafts through the air. You can add white grapefruit to fruit juices, fruit drinks and even syrups.
Health Benefits of Grapefruit
Grapefruit, while low in calories, contains nutrients, in particular, a good source of vitamin A, which is useful for protecting the immune system and maintaining healthy eyes and skin. Folate, which is important for the growth of the baby during pregnancy, and Vitamin C, which helps maintain healthy skin. Grapefruit also contains magnesium, potassium and calcium.
The largest grapefruit producing countries in 2019, according to the tridge
- China 4,930,000 tons
- Vietnam 818,910 tons
- United States 511,650 tons
- Mexico 488,780 tons
- South Africa 378,630 tons
Types of grapefruit consumption
Grapefruit can be eaten fresh or dried. Grapefruit juice is also a good combination to use with other juices. Sliced dried grapefruit is a good choice for activities such as mountaineering because it has a very low weight and a long shelf life.