In this article, we will discuss about history of pear fruit and its different varieties. Mild and sweet fruit pear is rich in essential antioxidants, plant compounds and dietary fiber. As part of a balanced and nutritious diet, eating pears can help you lose weight and reduce your risk of cancer, diabetes and heart disease.
History of Pear fruit
Pear is one of the oldest cultivated and beloved fruits in the world, dating back to 5000 BC. The name pear comes from the Anglo-Saxon pere or peru hu, from the Latin pera or pira. Pears have been grown in China since 2000 BC. Pears were also cultivated by the Romans, who ate the fruit raw or cooked, just like apples. The Romans also brought this fruit to Britain. Due to its variety and long shelf life, pears were a valuable and popular commodity among the ancient world trade routes. In the seventeenth century, a great boom began in the cultivation of various varieties of pears in Europe.
Different varieties of pear fruit
It is easy to distinguish, this pear due to its small size, oval shape, smooth and yellowish skin, which becomes beautiful red when ripe. Sweet and delicate, Forelle is a very old European pear. Because of its sweetness and size, Forelle is a good fruit for snacks.
The Bosc pear is taller than other pears with its slender, elongated neck. Brown pears have a relatively rough texture and can be yellow or green. The white flesh of the pear is sweet and crunchy.
Barrett pears are available in two colors, yellow and red. Red Bartlett is common throughout the United States. Apart from the color difference, these two types have many characteristics: a thin delicate skin and a sweet taste. Barrett is one of the oldest types of pears, first developed in the United States in the late 1700s. Bartlett was the largest producer of pears in the United States (it has since been replaced by Anjou and Boscs), and is still the most popular type of pear in the country.
Taylor’s Gold Pear
A large New Zealand pear that is almost round and has a golden brown skin. It has juicy and sweet meat. This type of pear is a good choice for making jams, jellies and sauces.
Anjou pear has two types, green and red. These short pears look like eggs. Both species have smooth skin with juicy and firm flesh. Anjou green pears remain evergreen, even when fully ripe.
The largest pear producing countries in the world
- China 19,499,487 tons
- Argentina 905,605 tons
- United States 738,770 tons
- Italy 701,928 tons
- Turkey 472,250 tons
- South Africa 433,105 tons
- India 399,000 tons
- Netherlands 374,000 tons
- Spain 366,131 tons
- Belgium 331,550 tons
Nutritional facts of pear in 100 g
- Calories 58
- Fat 0.12 g
- Cholesterol 0 mg
- Sodium 1 mg
- Total carbohydrates 15.46 g
- Fiber 3.1 g
- Sugar 9.8 g
- Protein 0.38 g
Health benefits of pear
Eating types of fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of a variety of diseases. Pears are no exception. Pears contain significant amounts of fiber and other essential nutrients that can help reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and some intestinal diseases. A study in 2019 showed that people with metabolic syndrome who ate two pears a day for 12 weeks had moderate reductions in systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure. High blood pressure is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Dried pear is often found with other dried fruits in most grocery stores or is pre-packaged and placed next to other dried fruits and nuts. Dried pears are a popular snack for hiking or road trips because they do not need to be refrigerated.
Dried pears have many health benefits and can be moderately healthy and help you meet the recommended daily allowance of the fruit.